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Bible Study of the Gospel Writers
Matthew / Mark / Luke / John
Gospel of Luke
Luke's Gospel Reveals
The Gospel Writers
Jesus as the Great Physician
When you see this cross, it is a suggested stopping place.
Each Gospel lesson will have five crosses and can be used as
one week of studies!
Stop and reflect A new beginning.
Son of Man
descendant of Abraham
Jew and Gentile
Luke 19:10 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost."
- The gospel of Luke, written to instruct the Gentiles to the ministry and the ways of Jesus Christ, assures them of God's redemptive plan for them. Luke's gospel is a message of joy and inclusion, as he is the only Gentile to have written a book of the Bible. When Jesus went to the grave and was resurrected, the Day's of Grace began. It is a time of inclusion for all men into God's kingdom. Jesus came to His own, the Jewish nation, and they rejected Him. They did not expect their long awaited Messiah, Savior and King to come in such a fashion. There is no greater good ever given by God than the salvation of all who will come by faith to Jesus.
- Galatians 3:14 He redeemed us in order that the blessing given to Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus, so that by faith we might receive the promise of the Spirit.
- Luke's joy is in knowing salvation had come to all men. Jesus came as a vision of God. He came to save a lost world, and give eternal life in heaven to all who would come to Him in simple believing faith.
- Romans 1:16 I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile.
- God searched for a man of faith and found one upon whom he made a covenant. Abraham would begin a generation of people whom God would reveal Himself to, protect and prosper as His children. God made a covenant promise with him and the generations to follow. God was faithful to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and to the people of Israel. A covenant promise is an "I will" and "you will" proposition. Israel continually broke it's part of the covenant as they turned their back on God. He would cause them to repent and return to Him receiving His forgiveness and mercy time after time. God is always faithful and He made a new covenant with all men for all time.
- Romans 10:12-13 For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile - the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him, for, "Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved."
- 1Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.
Matthew's gospel traced the lineage of Jesus from Father Abraham, through David and then to Mary and Jesus, announcing the fulfillment of the promises of God. Abraham would be the father of many nations and Israel's Messiah came from the house of David. Jesus came to us, fully God and fully man to fill all of the first covenant promise and then some! Luke uses the "Son of Man" as Jesus' favorite reference to Himself. Jesus refers to Himself as He comes to us in the book of Daniel. Daniel had many visions for the end times.
Dan. 7:13 "In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed."
The use of this name also kept the full knowledge of what God was doing from being revealed. In order for God's divine redemption plan to be complete, Jesus must fulfill all the prophecies written about Him in the Old Testament. If He had revealed Himself as the Messiah to quickly, Herod would have had Him killed as an enemy. He was first thought to be a prophet from God. When God spoke to Ezekiel, the prophet, He referred to Him as, "son of man." This phrase was not new to the Jewish people. They followed Him as a great prophet but would not receive Him as their Lord.
Son of God
Luke 9:45 But they did not understand what this meant. It was hidden from them, so that they did not grasp it, and they were afraid to ask him about it.
Luke 10:21 At that time Jesus, full of joy through the Holy Spirit, said, "I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for this was your good pleasure.
descendant of Adam
Conceived of the Holy Spirit
Luke 2:11 Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you;
he is Christ the Lord.
- Luke pays special attention to details throughout his gospel. Jesus came to us as a baby.
- Luke traces the lineage of Jesus as the son of, as it was thought, Joseph back to Adam.
- In order to keep His blood from being contaminated with the sin of Adam, Jesus was conceived of the Holy Spirit, not from the seed of man. Jesus did not sin and was given as the only acceptable sacrifice for the sins of all mankind.
- Luke 1:35 The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power
- of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called
- the Son of God.
Before Jesus ascended into heaven to sit at the right hand of the Father, these things were revealed to His disciples.
Luke 24:44-47 "He said to then, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms." Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. He told them, "This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
As Jesus walked with two of His disciples going to Emaus, after His resurrection from the dead, His identity was hidden from them as well. He stayed and ate with them and spoke to them explaining all that was said in the Scriptures concerning Himself. It was not until He broke bread with them their eyes were opened and they recognized him.
Luke 24:25-26 He said to them, "How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
John 1:14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.
- God's Son became a human person and lived with us for awhile. He experienced, heart
- break, pain, sadness, joy and happiness. He came in the flesh so He would know exactly
- how it feels to be you! Our redemption is not only for our life in heaven. Jesus came giving
- us a more abundant life and bringing His peace on earth. Luke wants to make sure
- the Gentiles receive this message in truth.
- Luke 1:68,77,79 "Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, because he has come and
- has redeemed his people....to give his people the knowledge of salvation through the forgiveness of their sins...to shine on those living in darkness and in the shadow of
- death, to guide our feet into the path of peace."
Doctor Jesus - The Anointed One
After being baptized by John, while Jesus was praying, the Holy Spirit descended upon Him. It was by the miracle anointing power of the Holy Spirit that Jesus was able to carry out His ministry. It was by His power the lame were made to walk, the blind to see and the leper to become whole and clean again. Jesus is the "Anointed One" from God. He gave that anointing to eleven of His disciples who would be known as Apostles. And again to the Seventy two whom He sent ahead to prepare the way. They too began to heal the sick and cast out demons in Jesus name. Jesus depended upon the Holy Spirit as an example to show us how we should live.
Luke 3:21 When all the people were being baptized, Jesus was baptized too. And as he was praying, heaven was opened and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: "You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased."
Luke 10:1 After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go.
Luke 10:16-17 "He who listens to you listens to me; he who rejects you rejects me; but he who rejects me rejects him who sent me." The seventy-two returned with joy and said, "Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name."
The gospel of Luke was also written to declare Jesus as the Great Physician. He healed those who were sick in body and spirit. Much emphasis is given on the compassionate characteristics of Jesus. Luke gives us a clearer more detailed look at the miracles Jesus brought to those who followed him. They believed in His power and that He was sent from God. He cast out demons and even brought to dead back to life.
Luke 9:6 So they set out and went from village to village, preaching the gospel and healing people everywhere.
Luke 4:40 When the sun was setting, the people brought to Jesus all who had various kinds of sickness, and laying his hands on each one, he healed them.
Luke also shows us Jesus' example of prayer. He takes us into the spiritual heart of Jesus as He prays to God the Father often.
Luke 5:16 But Jesus often withdrew to lonely places and prayed.
Luke 6:12 One of those days Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray, and spent the night praying to God.
Luke 18:1 Then Jesus told his disciples a parable to show them that they should always pray and not give up.
Luke 22:41 He withdrew about a stone's throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed,
Luke 22:44 And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.
We need to remember that God is perfectly holy. Prayer keeps us understanding that we are totally dependent upon God to meet our needs. We need prayer to ask for forgiveness and be purified through the blood of Jesus. Jesus' prayer life was based on His love for God the Father. It was based on a personal, passionate love with God. He wants that same love relationship with us.
Luke 10:22 "All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him."
John 14:21 Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him."
Although he does not name himself, there is little doubt that Luke wrote this gospel. He was a Doctor, and a Gentile convert to Christianity. He was a companion to the Apostle Paul on parts of at least three of His missionary journeys. He was close to the action and had perfect understanding from the first, and wanted to discount the defective and inaccurate narratives that had begun to surface.
Luke 1:3 Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.
Luke was a great historian and eloquent writer of the Greek language. He researched the beginning of the life of Christ, the miracles and the teachings of Jesus during His ministry. He conducted an intensive study on the accounts of His crucifixion and resurrection. His gospel reveals his devotion to giving a full and authentic narrative of the life, doctrines, miracles, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, our Lord.
Luke's faithfulness was recorded by Paul in 2 Timothy, and he speaks of him as a dear friend in Colossians. We know he was close to the apostles as a fellow worker for the cause of Christ.
Colossians 4:14 Our dear friend Luke, the doctor, and Demas send greetings.
2Timothy 4:11 Only Luke is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, because he is helpful to me in my ministry.
Philemon 1:24 And so do Mark, Aristarchus, Demas and Luke, my fellow workers.
Luke's pen also wrote the book of Acts. You can come to the end of Luke's gospel and continue on to the book of Acts, also know as the Acts of the Apostles. Luke is the longest of the gospels and together with the book of acts, it comprises more that one fourth of the New Testament.
Don't forget to go back now and read the Gospel of Luke.
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